Science Behind Product
What is involved in the creation of a cream and lotion?
To create a Cream or lotion you need three components: an oil phase, water phase, and an emulsifier. You also have a Preservative, Fragrance and what we call Skin loving ingredients or cosmetic active ingredients that improve the look and feel of the skin.
What is an emulsifier?
An emulsifier is used to keep oil and water from separating. On their own oils and water do not mix. Water is polar, oil is non-polar. Water is denser so oil will float on water. Emulsifiers contain both a hydrophilic (water-loving, or polar) head group and a hydrophobic (oil-loving, or nonpolar) tail. When an emulsifier is mixed with oil and water the emulsifiers surround the oil droplet with their nonpolar tails extending into the oil, and their polar heads facing the water. Emulsifiers work by forming physical barriers that keep droplets from coalescing (similar droplets coming together to form separate single masses of water and oil).
Adding a preservative is necessary to prolong the products shelf life by keeping the products free from contamination, helping to retard rancidity in oils and to prevent microbial growth in products.
Skin loving ingredients and cosmetic active ingredients
Skin loving ingredients benefit the look and feel of the skin. These are natural moisturizers, anti-irritant, and anti-inflammatory agents that promote healthier skin resulting in softer, smoother, healthier, and younger looking skin.